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Define Universal Basic Income (UBI)

The concept of  Universal Basic Income (UBI)  as an alternative to the various social welfare schemes in an effort to reduce poverty.
It suggests that a more efficient way to help the poor will be to provide them resources directly, through a  UBI. It  will  be an efficient  substitute  for  a  existing  welfare  schemes and subsidies.
A basic income is a form of social security in which all citizens of a country regularly receive an unconditional sum of money, either from a government in addition to any income received from elsewhere. 
It  is  based on the principles  of  universality  and unconditionality. However, it  forfeits other government aided benefits. 
Recently, government of Finland announced the introduction of a trial  for UBI involving 2,000 unemployed people. In June 2016, Swiss voters in referendum had overwhelmingly rejected proposal to introduce basic income for all.

What is Cohort-based Migration Metric (CMM) ?

Cohort-based Migration Metric (CMM) .
In order to further analyze recent trends in labour mobility, a Cohort-based Migration Metric (CMM) is developed to gauge net migration at the state and district level. 
This metric considers net migration to be the percentage change in population between the 10-19 year-old cohort in an initial census period and the 20-29 year old cohort in the same area a decade later, after correcting for mortality effects.
It is likely to capture labour migration, as other bilateral movements for reasons such as marriage are netted out in the equation.

UPSC Applications are invited for Lecturers Scientists and Asst Director Posts through Online 2017

Advertisement No.22/2016Advertisement date 10.12.2016 Last date online registration 29.12.2016 Last date Printout 30.12.2016
Posts :  Lecturer in School of Foreign Languages Ministry of Defence -  7 Posts - BP 15600 GP 5400 - Post Graduate Degree with one year experience in teaching / translating - Age 35 yearsBasha Indonesia - 1 PostBurmese - 1 PostFrench - 2 Posts (*)German - 1 PostJapanese - 1 PostSinhala - 1 PostSpanish - 1 PostAssistant Director in Publis Enterprises, Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises - 2 Posts - BP 15600  GP 5400 - MCom / MA Economics / MSc Statistics / MSc Mathematics / MBA with 3 years experience - Age 35 yearsScientist 'B' (Biology) in Central Forensic Science Laboratory (CFSL) Ministry of Home Affairs - BP 15600 GP 5400 - Post Graduate Degree in Botany / Zoology / Microbiology / Biochemistry / Physical Anthropology / Forensic Science / Genetics with 3 years experience - Age 35 yearsScientist 'B' (Chemistry) in Central Forensic S…

UPSC IAS Civil Services Mains 2016: GEOGRAPHY Optional Question Paper – 1

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UPSC CIVIL SERVICES MAINS EXAM 2016: General Studies Paper – 3 Question Paper

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How globalization has led to the reduction of employment in the formal sector of the Indian economy? Is increased informalization detrimental to the development of the country?Women empowerment in India needs gender budgeting. What are the requirements and status of gender budgeting in the Indian context?Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is necessary for bringing unbanked to the institutional finance fold. Do you agree with this for  financial inclusion of the poor section of the Indian society? Give arguments to justify your opinion.What are ‘Smart Cities’? Examine their relevance for urban development in India. Will it increase rural-urban differences? Give arguments for ’Smart Villages’ in the light of PURA and RURBAN Mission.Justify the need for FDI for the development of the Indian economy. Why there is gap between MOUs signed and actual FDIs? Suggest remedial steps to be taken for increasing actual FDIs in India.Comment on the challenges for inclusive growth which include c…

UPSC CIVIL SERVICES MAINS EXAM 2016: General Studies Paper – 2 Question Paper

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Discuss the essentials of the 69th Constitutional Amendment Act and anomalies, if any, that have led to recent reported conflicts between the elected representatives and the institution of the Lieutenant Governor in the administration of Delhi. Do you think that this will give rise to a new trend in the functioning of the Indian federal politics?To what extent is Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, bearing marginal note “temporary provision with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir”, temporary? Discuss the future prospects of this provision in the context of Indian polity.“The Indian party system is passing through a phase of transition which looks to be full of contradictions and paradoxes.” Discuss.Exercise of CAG’s powers in relation to the accounts of the Union and the States is derived from Article 149 of the Indian Constitution. Discuss whether audit of the Government’s policy implementation could amount to overstepping its own (CAG) jurisdiction.Discuss each adjective …

UPSC CIVIL SERVICES MAINS EXAM 2016: General Studies Paper – 1 Question Paper

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Early Buddhist Stupa-art, while depicting folk motifs and narratives, successfully expoundsBuddhist ideals. Elucidate.


Krishnadeva Raya, the king of Vijayanagar, was not only an accomplished scholar himself but was a also a great patron of learning and literature. Discuss.Explain how the upraising of 1857 constitutes an important watershed in the evolution of British policies towards colonial India.Discuss the role of women in the freedom struggle especially during the Gandhian phase.Highlight the differences in the approach of Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi in the struggle for freedom. Has the formation of linguistic states strengthened the cause of Indian unity?The anti-colonial struggles in West Africa were led by the new elite of Western -educated Africans. Examine.To what extent globalisation has influenced the core of cultural diversity in India? Explain.“An essential condition to eradicate poverty is to liberate the poor from the process of deprivation.” Substantiate th…